Baewha Girls’ High School Residence Hall, the residence of a Southern American Baptist missionary
Baehwa Girls’ High School is nestled at the slanted foot of Inwangsan Mountain in Pilun-dong, Jongno-gu, Seoul. It was the site of the house of Lee Hang-Bok, a civil official who served in the early Joseon period (1392-1910), and was commonly referred to as Pilundae and frequented by academics. To this day, Baehwa Girls’ High School retains various traces of its past. J.P. Campbell, the first female Southern American Baptist missionary dispatched to Korea, founded Carolina School in 1989. In 1910, the school was officially renamed Baehwa School by Yun Chi-Ho and moved to the newly built campus, its present location, in 1915. Designated as Registered Cultural Asset No. 93, Baehwa Girls’ High School Residence Hall was built as a missionary residence but is now used as the Alumni Hall. Built before the 1920s, the unique, modern-style architecture of this structure reflects Campbell’s attempt to adjust to the Korean cultural environment, as it is a Western-style brick building topped with a traditional Korean hip-and-gable roof. Baehwa Girls’ High School still retains its old form.